Botox injections are noted primarily for the ability to reduce the appearance of facial wrinkles. They’re also used to treat conditions such as neck spasms (cervical dystonia), excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), an overactive bladder and lazy eye. Botox injections may also help prevent chronic migraines.
Botox injections use a toxin called onabotulinumtoxinA to temporarily prevent a muscle from moving. This toxin is produced by the microbe that causes botulism, a type of food poisoning.
Botox was the first drug to use botulinum toxin. Other products now include abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport), rimabotulinumtoxinB (Myobloc) and incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin). Each is a little different, particularly when it comes to dosage units, so they aren’t interchangeable
Why it’s done
Botox injections block certain chemical signals from nerves, mostly signals that cause muscles to contract. The most common use of these injections is to temporarily relax the facial muscles that cause wrinkles in the forehead and around the eyes. Botox injections are also used to treat conditions that affect how the body functions. Examples include:
- Cervical dystonia. In this painful condition, your neck muscles contract involuntarily causing your head to twist or turn into an uncomfortable position.
- Lazy eyes. The most common cause of lazy eye is an imbalance in the muscles responsible for positioning the eye.
- Muscle contractures. Some neurological conditions, such as cerebral palsy, can cause your limbs to pull in toward your center. In some cases, these contracted muscles can be relaxed with Botox injections.
- Hyperhidrosis. In this condition, excessive sweating occurs even when the temperature isn’t hot and you’re not exerting yourself.
- Chronic migraine. If you experience migraines more than 15 days a month, Botox injections may help reduce headache frequency.
- Bladder dysfunction. Botox injections can also help reduce urinary incontinence caused by an overactive bladder.
- Eye twitching. Botox injections may help relieve contraction or twitching of muscles around the eye.
What does this training include?
(necessary dose of knowledge)
- muscular / system anatomy (influence on facilitation, areas that have access to botox)
- structure and action of botulinum toxin type A
- types of botulinum type A (Botox, Azzalure, Dysport + techniques of their application)
- preparation of solutions in preparations appropriate to the type of preparation
- Overview of the steps of the procedure, dosage, relative preparations
- compositions and types of their correction (complications along with the procedure, actions, errors and their handling).
Qualification for the procedure:
- initial interview
- examination facial expressions
- applicant and contraindication to perform the procedure (or absolute)
- consultation regarding the procedure and possible correction
- patient’s documentation
The practical part includes performing treatments on the model.
(work at the right depth, correct work pace, correct amount of preparation)
- Ivy wrinkle
- forehead wrinkles
- the eye area – crow’s feet
- wrinkles around the mouth
- cobblestone chin
- raising the eyebrow
- side wrinkles of the nose – rabbit furrows
- lip flip
- drooping corners